Category: First aid blog

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How to talk someone out of an anxiety attack

Anxiety attacks are surprisingly common and occur most frequently in women. They can be caused by a variety of things that are specific to that individual e.g. fear of going outside or news that...

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What factors can affect blood pressure?

Blood pressure is defined as the pressure exerted by circulating blood on the walls of the arteries and is highest in the large arteries leaving the heart. It is measured in millimetres of mercury...

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A guide to heart rhythms for first aiders

Our heart is controlled by electrical activity which allows it to pump in a co-ordinated way. A disturbance in the normal electrical activity is known as an arrhythmia.  Arrhythmias can cause the heart to stop...

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First aid for Cerebral Compression

Cerebral compression occurs when there is a build up of pressure inside the skull. Cerebral compression can be caused by bleeding into the skull or swelling of the brain tissue after a head injury. It...

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What Does AEIOU TIPS Stand for in First Aid?

AEIOU TIPS is a mnemonic device taught to first responders to deal with Altered Mental State (AMS) patients.  Although a first responder’s job doesn’t include rooting out the cause of unconsciousness, being aware of underlying issues...

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What does SEEP stand for in first aid?

SEEP is a first aid mnemonic used to remember the key steps for dealing with major bleeding. It stands for Sit or lay, Examine, Elevate and Pressure.  Sit or lay Your first action should...

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What are the common triggers of Asthma?

Asthma is one of the most common medical conditions. Across the world, an estimated 300 million people are living with asthma. It is very common in childhood with around 1 in 7 children suffering from...

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How to Recognize and Manage Meningitis

Meningitis is caused by inflammation of the meninges which are the protective layers of the brain. It is caused by a variety of bacteria and viruses. Viral meningitis is rarely contagious and is usually...

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How to recognise a heart attack

A heart attack is caused by a sudden obstruction of the blood supply to a section of heart muscle. It is usually caused by a blood clot (thrombus), which leads to a blockage in...

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How to recognise angina pain

Angina is characterised by chest pain, which comes on with exercise or emotion and is relieved by rest. It is caused by narrowing of the coronary artery network, such that when the heart muscle is...