Category: First aid blog

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How to take a manual blood pressure

Taking a manual blood pressure (using a sphygmomanometer) can be more accurate than using an electronic blood pressure machine.  The following method, should be used to measure blood pressures with manual sphygmomanometers. The cuff...

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How to perform a head to toe assessment

Performing a thorough head to toe assessment (sometimes called a ‘body check’) is an important step in the secondary survey.  Systematically searching the patient, region by region, first aiders should make a note of all...

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How to assess cardiac chest pain

Chest pain is an important symptom for first aiders and first responders to be able to assess and manage. Chest pain can have serious causes (such as a heart attack) which are important not...

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What is Cyanosis?

If you’ve recently been on a first aid course, chances are you’ve heard the term Cyanosis. But what exactly is Cyanosis and why is it important in first aid? What is Cyanosis? Cyanosis is a...

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The five types of motor vehicle collision

Motor vehicle collisions (MVCs) are a common situation for first aiders and first responders to encounter. The World Health Organization predicts they will become the 7th leading cause of death by 2030. Globally, around 1.25 million die...

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HLTAID003 Provide First Aid Questions and Answers

Are you studying for an upcoming Provide First Aid (HLTAID003) course? Confused by the pre-course reading material?  We’ve put together some questions and answers for learners taking a Provide First Aid course. These questions...

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What is the best method for assessing a casualty?

The best method for assessing a casualty in an emergency situation is to perform a quick primary survey followed by a more thorough secondary survey. A primary survey is a quick assessment of a casualty...

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How to assess a burn or scald

Burns and scalds are common household injuries. It is important for first aiders to be able to accurately assess a burn and call for prompt medical help early if required.  One method of assessing...

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Why does a heart attack cause left arm pain?

A heart attack is a medical emergency involving a blockage to the blood supply of the heart. The heart is a muscular pump which requires a constant supply of blood (carrying Oxygen). The blood...

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What does COWS stand for in first aid?

COWS is a method of assessing a victim’s level of response when dealing with a collapsed victim.  Although a slightly unusual memory aid, it does remind first aiders of the importance of assessing the...

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What are the common causes of hypoxia?

Hypoxia occurs when there is a lack of oxygen in the blood. There are many different causes of hypoxia and it is important for first aiders and first responders to know the common causes...