Category: First aid blog

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What are Febrile Convulsions?

Febrile seizures are a relatively common childhood condition, referring to a child having a seizure when they have a high temperature most usually as a result of an infection. Although febrile seizures may be...

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First aid for Cerebral Compression

Cerebral compression occurs when there is a build up of pressure inside the skull. Cerebral compression can be caused by bleeding into the skull or swelling of the brain tissue after a head injury. It...

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What does SOCRATES stand for in first aid?

SOCRATES is a mnemonic which can be used by first aiders and healthcare professionals to assess pain.  Pain is a complex symptom with lots of different dimensions and characteristics. Asking about and documenting a...

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First aid for Schizophrenia

Schizophrenia is a mental health illness affecting 1 in 100 people. It is due to excess of a brain hormone called dopamine. The cause is still being investigated but researchers believe that it may be related...

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What does AEIOU TIPS stand for in first aid?

AEIOU TIPS is a mnemonic used to remember common causes of altered level of consciousness (sometimes called Altered Mental State – AMS). First aiders and first responders would not be expected to be able to...

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What does SEEP stand for in first aid?

SEEP is a first aid mnemonic used to remember the key steps for dealing with major bleeding. It stands for Sit or lay, Examine, Elevate and Pressure.  Sit or lay Your first action should...

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What are the common triggers of Asthma?

Asthma is one of the most common medical conditions. Across the world, an estimated 300 million people are living with asthma. It is very common in childhood with around 1 in 7 children suffering from...

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How to Recognize and Manage Meningitis

Meningitis is caused by inflammation of the meninges which are the protective layers of the brain. It is caused by a variety of bacteria and viruses. Viral meningitis is rarely contagious and is usually...

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How to recognise a heart attack

A heart attack is caused by a sudden obstruction of the blood supply to a section of heart muscle. It is usually caused by a blood clot (thrombus), which leads to a blockage in...

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How to recognise angina pain

Angina is characterised by chest pain, which comes on with exercise or emotion and is relieved by rest. It is caused by narrowing of the coronary artery network, such that when the heart muscle is...

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What are the complications of a fracture?

A fracture (broken bone) is a common injury often caused by excessive force being applied to a bone. There are many different types of fractures and some are more serious than others. The first...