Category: First aid blog

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Common signs of a serious head injury

Head injuries are common and potentially serious injuries. Head injuries have a range of severity from minor concussion to life-threatening / life-altering brain injuries.  Knowing the warning signs of a serious head injury is...

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Should you induce vomiting for poisoning?

Poisoning occurs when an external substance damages health or endangers life. A common method of coming into contact with a poisonous substance is ingestion – either deliberate or accidental. Children under five are most at...

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How to use an Epinephrine Autoinjector in Anaphylaxis

Anaphylaxis is a life threatening whole body allergic reaction. The main treatment for Anaphylaxis is Epinephrine (Adrenaline) delivered via an autoinjector device. You can learn more about Anaphylaxis by taking our free online Anaphylaxis Awareness...

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What are the two types of heat stroke?

Heat stroke occurs from the sudden loss of the body’s ability to control its core temperature. Heat stroke is a medical emergency which first aiders should be able to recognise and summon early advanced...

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Anatomy for first aiders: the spinal cord

In this blog post we discuss the anatomy of the spinal cord for first aiders and first responders.  The spinal cord is a collection of nerve fibres connecting the brain to nerves which pass...

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A guide to pain assessment and management

Pain is a complex phenomenon, a sensation ranging from mild discomfort to agony. The sensation of pain may be localised or systemic (widespread) and is subjective (varies from person to person). It is caused...

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How to Recognise Hypovolemic Shock

Hypovolemic shock occurs as a result of fluid loss from the circulatory system. This can be due to: Blood loss from external or internal bleeding Fluid loss with burns Fluid loss with severe vomiting...

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What are the four different types of shock?

Shock is the term used to describe the condition of a casualty when the oxygen supply to the tissues is inadequate to meet the needs of the body. First aiders and first responders should...

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Anatomy for first aiders: the respiratory system

The respiratory system can be divided into two sections: upper and lower. The upper respiratory system includes the nostrils, nasal cavity, mouth, pharynx (throat) and larynx (voice box). The throat is a common passageway...