Category: First aid blog

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How to Recognize and Manage Meningitis

Meningitis is caused by inflammation of the meninges which are the protective layers of the brain. It is caused by a variety of bacteria and viruses. Viral meningitis is rarely contagious and is usually...

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How to recognise a heart attack

A heart attack is caused by a sudden obstruction of the blood supply to a section of heart muscle. It is usually caused by a blood clot (thrombus), which leads to a blockage in...

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How to recognise angina pain

Angina is characterised by chest pain, which comes on with exercise or emotion and is relieved by rest. It is caused by narrowing of the coronary artery network, such that when the heart muscle is...

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What are the complications of a fracture?

A fracture (broken bone) is a common injury often caused by excessive force being applied to a bone. There are many different types of fractures and some are more serious than others. The first...

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How to treat an open fracture

An open fracture occurs when a broken bone (fracture) causes a break in the skin. This is a serious injury and requires prompt first aid treatment. The two main risks from open fractures are infection...

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AED monthly checklist

An Automated External Defibrillator (AED) needs to be maintained properly in order to keep the device in good working order. Ideally an AED should undergo monthly checks by a responsible person. Different models of...

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The recovery position – left or right side?

The recovery position is used to protect an unconscious person’s airway. It involves rolling the casualty onto their side with the head tilted back – but should it be the left or right side?...

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Should I buy a home defibrillator?

Defibrillators are electrical devices used to help victims of a cardiac arrest. Many public places now have defibrillators but should you buy a home defibrillator? In this blog post, we discuss the pros and...

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How does an AED know when to shock?

An Automated External Defibrillator (AED) is a device used to deliver an electrical shock to a casualty in cardiac arrest. But how does an AED know when to deliver a shock to a casualty? Modern...

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How to look after yourself as a first aider

The most important person in first aid is yourself. A first aider can’t look after others to the best of their ability if they aren’t looking themselves. First aid for the first aider is...