Category: First aid blog

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What Does ACVPU Stand For?

ACVPU is a scale used to assess and track a patient’s neurological status and level of consciousness. ACVPU stands for: Alert Confusion Voice Pain Unresponsive ACVPU has been developed from the more widely known...

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CPR Guidelines 2020

CPR guidelines are revised every five years and the next major revision is expected in 2020. The International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation (ILCOR) co-ordinates guideline development and publishes consensus documents on resuscitation. The European...

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What are the Five Links in the Chain of Survival?

The American Heart Association (AHA) Chain of Survival describes the critical actions required to treat victims of cardiac arrest. When all links of the Chain of Survival are completed this provides the best possible...

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How to Recognize an Opiate Overdose

Opiate drugs are an increasingly common cause of deaths from accidental and deliberate overdose. In the United States, the CDC describes opiate overdoses as an “epidemic” which claimed more than 47,000 lives in 2017....

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What are the Four Quadrants of the Abdomen?

The abdomen can be divided into four quadrants. Dividing up the abdomen in this way can help when assessing a patient with abdominal pain. The location of the abdominal pain can give first responders...

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How to Perform Chest Compressions on a Child

CPR is made up of performing chest compressions and rescue breaths to help a victim in cardiac arrest. Chest compressions work by compressing the heart and pushing blood around the body. CPR buys vital...

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First Aid for Testicular Pain

Testicular pain and injuries are an unusual but important first aid presentation to consider. Many individuals presenting with this complaint may feel uncomfortable discussing this with a stranger or even close family member. There...

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How to Help Someone Having a Seizure (fit)

A seizure (fit) is caused by a disturbance of electrical activity in the brain. It usually results in uncontrolled movements and impaired consciousness. A seizure can be very alarming to witness, especially if it...

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First Aid for Cuts and Wounds

When treating open wounds it is important to protect both yourself and the patient from any risk of infection. The most likely source of contamination is body fluids – saliva, vomit or other secretions...

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When to Suspect a Spinal Injury

An injury to the head, neck or back may damage the bones (vertebrae) of the spinal column, the discs between them, the supporting ligaments and muscles, or the spinal cord itself. A spinal injury...

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What is Shock in First Aid?

Shock in a medical sense is quite different from emotional or psychological shock. It means that the body’s circulation has failed, and insufficient blood supply is reaching vital organs. Shock, if progressive, can be...

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First Aid for a Broken Leg

The bones of the leg can be broken by impact, twisting or direct blows. Knees are commonly injured in sporting accidents and falls. The femur or thighbone is the strongest bone in the body...