Category: First aid blog

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A simple guide to seizure terminology

In this first aid blog post we’ll look at some of the different terms used to describe seizures and what they mean.  Tonic – clonic seizure Tonic means stiffening.  Clonic means jerking. In these...

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The importance of AED training

Automated External Defibrillator (AED) training can help save lives by showing when the use of an AED is appropriate.  You may have heard that many bystanders save the lives of cardiac arrest victims using...

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What does a well-stocked first aid kit contain?

All homes, cars, workplaces and areas where large numbers of people gather i.e. museums, shopping malls, courthouses etc should have properly stocked first aid kits. There are legal requirements covering what should be contained...

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What is Ankylosing Spondylitis (AS)?

In this first aid blog post we’ll look at an uncommon, but important, cause of back pain – Ankylosing Spondylitis.  Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is a painful, progressive, rheumatic disease. It mainly affects the spine...

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First aid for finger fractures and dislocations

Fractures and dislocated fingers are common injuries, especially in contact and ball sports.  Injuries to the fingers can result in significant loss of hand function. Even the simple ‘trapped’ finger, if not diagnosed and treated...

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What is Cheyne-Stokes respiration?

In this first aid blog post we discuss a pattern of breathing known as ‘Cheyne-Stokes breathing’. Cheyne-Stokes respiration is characterised by a few seconds of apnoea (not breathing) followed by respirations that gradually increase...

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What are the causes of Hypothermia?

Hypothermia is the lowering of core body temperature to 35°C (95°F) or below. This is an important medical emergency for first aiders and first responders to recognise.  Commonly encountered causes of hypothermia include: overwhelming...

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What is a Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA)?

A Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA), also called a ‘mini-stroke’, occurs when the blood supply to the brain is disrupted. Unlike a full-blown stroke, the symptoms of a TIA, which are very similar to a...