What does TWELVE FLAPS stand for?

TWELVE FLAPS is a mnemonic / acronym used to remember the assessment of a casualty’s airway and breathing.

TWELVE FLAPS is often taught to paramedics and ambulance staff, but may also be taught on some advanced first aid courses.

TWELVE

The TWELVE component lists some common signs to look out for when performing an examination of a casualty’s chest:

T – Tracheal deviation
W – Wounds and bleeding
E – surgical Emphysema
L – Laryngeal crepitus / injury
V – distended neck Veins
E – Expose and examine the chest

FLAPS

Assess the chest (looking for the signs listed above – TWELVE) using the following methods: 

F – Feel
L – Look
A – Auscultate
P – Percuss
S – Search the sides and backTWELVE FLAPS

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