What is a defibrillator? (AED)
So what is a defibrillator? If you’ve ever watched Casualty/Holby City/ER you’ll have a vague idea – pads connected to a persons chest, lots of doctors
running around shouting “Charging” and “Clear!” before patient jumps into the air as an electric shock flows through them. So what exactly is going on here?
When someone suffer’s a “cardiac arrest”, their heart stops beating effectively. There can be many causes of a cardiac arrest including having a heart attack or stroke, losing lots of blood or having a major allergic reaction to name a few.
The heart can sometimes go into a funny rhythm, where all the electrical activity is disorganised and random. A defibrillator delivers an electrical shock to the heart to stop all this disorganised electrical activity, this gives the heart a chance to start in a normal rhythm again.
An AED is an Automated External Defibrillator – a defibrillator which can be used by anyone with no medical training as everything is fully automated.
When should I use an AED?
An AED should be used on any casualty who isn’t breathing. You can also perform Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation whilst waiting for the AED to arrive.
Where could I find an AED?
AEDs can be found in many public places including schools, colleges, train stations, shopping centres/malls and airports.
How do I use an automated external defibrillator?
Simply open the lid of the machine and it will begin speaking to you. Ensure you carefully follow all the instructions the machine gives you.
Could an AED shock someone accidentally?
An AED will analyse the rhythm of the heart and won’t shock if its not appropriate to do so. Therefore if you connected an AED to a ‘live’ person then it would not deliver a shock.
The machine will give you certain instructions, such as when not to touch the casualty. Provided you follow these instructions the machine is incredibly safe to use.