What does DCAP-BTLS stand for?

When conducting physical examinations and head to toe surveys the acronym DCAP-BTLS can help in your discovery of injuries.

Although not everyone likes acronyms, DCAP-BTLS is a useful way to structure your thinking when conducting a thorough check for injuries. So what does DCAP-BTLS stand for?DCAP-BTLS

  • Deformity
  • Contusions (bruising)
  • Abrasions
  • Penetrations, punctures or paradoxical movement
  • Burns
  • Tenderness (pain on pressing/touching)
  • Lacerations
  • Swelling

Our blog post discussing the secondary survey goes into more detail on other aspects of patient assessment. 

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John Furst

JOHN FURST is an experienced emergency medical technician and qualified first aid and CPR instructor. John is passionate about first aid and believes everyone should have the skills and confidence to take action in an emergency situation.

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