First aid for sunburn
What causes sunburn?
Sunburn is caused by exposure of the skin to ultraviolet radiation. Often this is due to being exposed to sunlight, but can also be caused by excessive use of sun beds/tanning beds.
Everyone is at risk of sunburn, although the risk is higher for those with fair skin.
How do I recognise sunburn?
Sunburn normally involves damage to the top layers of the skin. Therefore common signs and symptoms include red, hot and painful skin which may peel after a few days. In severe cases a partial thickness burn can occur where blisters form. You can find more about the types of burns in our free online first aid course.
What is the first aid treatment for sunburn?
- Move the person out of the sun / encourage them to cover up exposed areas of skin
- Cool the burnt area. This can be done by taking a cool shower or by using cold compresses
- Simple painkillers such as Paracetamol / Ibuprofen can help relieve some of the pain
- Soothing moisturising cream (often sold as aftersun) can also be applied to the burnt areas
If the burn looks severe, or there is evidence of blistering then professional medical help should be sought.