Category: First aid blog

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Eczema in Babies and Children

Dermatitis, or eczema, is a broad term used to describe dry, itchy inflammation of the skin occurring most commonly among children under the age of two. The two primary types of eczema are atopic...

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First Aid for Prickly Heat

Also known as heat rash and miliaria, prickly heat is a common problem among children who are still in diapers. Prickly heat is a skin irritation resulting from too much heat and moisture. It...

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What is Lyme Disease?

Lyme Disease was first identified in the town of Old Lyme, Connecticut, in 1975. The disease is caused by a bacterium transmitted by the bite of infected ticks. Cases of Lyme disease have been...

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Common Causes of Rashes in Babies and Children

A rash typically manifests itself as red, inflamed and often itchy skin. There may be Rashescrusty scales, pimples, hives or wheals. It is important for a parent to distinguish between the different categories of...

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Epilepsy in Children

This is the most common neurological disorder affecting children, and may be characterized by sudden, recurrent episodes of uncontrolled motor activity and, in some cases, impaired consciousness (seizures). Any condition that triggers disruptive electrical...

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Seizures in Young Children and Babies

Disturbances in the brain’s electrical activity cause involuntary muscle spasms and jerky movements known as seizures or convulsions. Seizures are especially common in young children, often occurring during a high fever. Other common causes...

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Managing Food Poisoning in Children

Food poisoning, a type of gastroenteritis (digestive tract inflammation) caused by eating contaminated food, results in severe abdominal cramps, repeated vomiting, diarrhea and muscle weakness. These symptoms develop suddenly between three and 24 hours...

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First Aid for Epiglottitis

Epiglottitis medical emergency is caused by inflammation and swelling of the epiglottis, the flap of membrane-covered cartilage lying behind the tongue that keeps food and drink entering the windpipe. It is almost always caused...

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Meningitis in Children and Babies

Meningitis refers to the infection of the meninges, the layered membranes that support and protect the brain and spinal cord. It most commonly strikes infants and children between the ages of one month and five...

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How to Spot Dehydration in Babies

When the body fails to replenish the water lost each day in urine, sweat, and feces, dehydration occurs. Although dehydration can result from inadequate intake of water, it is more commonly caused by abnormal...

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First Aid for Impetigo

This is a highly contagious bacterial skin infection that occasionally spreads among large numbers of children in day care, schools and camps. It occurs most frequently in the summer months and in areas with...

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What is Scarlet Fever?

Scarlet fever is characterized by high fever and a bright, red rash covering the entire body. Scarlet fever occurs in conjunction with about 10 percent of cases of streptococcal respiratory infection, or strep throat....

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First Aid Treatment for Chickenpox

Also known as varicella, chicken pox is a highly contagious viral disease characterized by fever (usually mild) and a rash (sometimes severe) consisting of tiny blisters or vesicles. Caused by one of a group...