What are the complications of a fracture?
A fracture (broken bone) is a common injury often caused by excessive force being applied to a bone. There are many different types of fractures and some are more serious than others. The first aid treatment of a fracture is aims to control any bleeding and immobilise the injured part to prevent further damage.
Complications of a fracture
- Bleeding – this is a common complication of open fractures where there is a break in the skin
- Infection (osteomyelitis)
- Nerve damage
- Compartment syndrome
- On-going pain
These complications can cause significant disability for many months / years after a fracture has occurred.
Prompt and effective first aid treatment can reduce the risks of these complications developing. For example applying a sterile wound dressing over an exposed bone end can reduce the risk of a bone infection (osteomyelitis) developing.