What are the complications of a fracture?

A fracture (broken bone) is a common injury often caused by excessive force being applied to a bone. There are many different types of fractures and some are more serious than others. The first aid treatment of a fracture is aims to control any bleeding and immobilise the injured part to prevent further damage. 

There are a number of complications which can occur after a fracture. These complications can be serious so it is important that early medical assistance is always sought. Complications of fractures

Complications of a fracture

  • Bleeding – this is a common complication of open fractures where there is a break in the skin
  • Infection (osteomyelitis) 
  • Nerve damage
  • Compartment syndrome
  • Deformity
  • Arthritis
  • On-going pain

These complications can cause significant disability for many months / years after a fracture has occurred. 

Prompt and effective first aid treatment can reduce the risks of these complications developing. For example applying a sterile wound dressing over an exposed bone end can reduce the risk of a bone infection (osteomyelitis) developing.


John Furst

JOHN FURST is an experienced emergency medical technician and qualified first aid and CPR instructor. John is passionate about first aid and believes everyone should have the skills and confidence to take action in an emergency situation.

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1 Response

  1. dyanne leo says:

    1.Immoblise injured part control any bleeding call for medical support

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