Category: First aid blog

Finger splinting 0

First aid for finger fractures and dislocations

Fractures and dislocated fingers are common injuries, especially in contact and ball sports.  Injuries to the fingers can result in significant loss of hand function. Even the simple ‘trapped’ finger, if not diagnosed and treated...

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What is Cheyne-Stokes respiration?

In this first aid blog post we discuss a pattern of breathing known as ‘Cheyne-Stokes breathing’. Cheyne-Stokes respiration is characterised by a few seconds of apnoea (not breathing) followed by respirations that gradually increase...

Hypothermia first aid 0

What are the causes of Hypothermia?

Hypothermia is the lowering of core body temperature to 35°C (95°F) or below. This is an important medical emergency for first aiders and first responders to recognise.  Commonly encountered causes of hypothermia include: overwhelming...

transient-ischemic-attack 0

What is a Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA)?

A Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA), also called a ‘mini-stroke’, occurs when the blood supply to the brain is disrupted. Unlike a full-blown stroke, the symptoms of a TIA, which are very similar to a...

stroke-first-aid 0

What is a Stroke and who is at risk?

A stroke happens when the blood supply to the brain is disrupted, either by a blood clot blocking an artery or bleeding due to a burst blood vessel, and the brain cells are deprived...

NSAIDs 0

What are NSAIDs and how do they reduce inflammation?

Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are used to relieve the pain, stiffness and inflammation of painful conditions affecting the muscles, bones and joints. Some first aiders may be trained to admininster NSAIDs such as Iburpofen...

SAM Pelvic Sling 0

How to use a SAM sling for pelvic fractures

Fractures of the pelvis often cause life threatening internal blood loss are one of the most serious musculoskeletal injuries. The SAM Sling is a non-invasive, easy to use, single-use device, which can be applied...

First aid for fractures 0

The first aid management of fractures

Fractures (broken bones) are common injuries for first aiders to have to deal with.  The correct first aid management of fractures is important as this will reduce pain and promote fracture healing.  When treating all...

Asthma attack 0

What is an Asthma Attack?

Asthma, one of the commonest medical conditions, is a disease in which the airways become blocked or narrowed. The young and the elderly are particularly vulnerable. The effects of asthma are reversible, but they...

Fracture Splinting 1

A guide to splinting and immobilization

Immobilizing a fracture is an important skill for first aiders and first responders. Good immobilization will reduce pain and reduce the chance of further complications.  Various types of splints and immobilisation materials are available, commonly encountered...

Spinal immobilization 0

When should you immobilize the c-spine?

Spinal immobilization is performed in order to reduce the chance of further damage occurring to the spinal cord. First aiders and first responders may be taught a variety of different methods to immobilize the...