The primary goals of first aid

In this blog post we describe the primary goals of first aid – the three Ps and the three Bs! 

The 3p’s – The Primary Goals of First Aid

There are three primary goals of first aid. They are known as The 3 P’s and are as follows:

  • Preserve life
  • Prevent further injury
  • Promote recovery

Easy enough, basic common sense. If you want to learn more you can read our blog post on the Three Ps of First Aid

But how does one actually preserve life or promote recovery? In order to accomplish The 3 P’s you need to follow The 3 B’s, of which include the use of the ABCs.

The 3 B’s Are – The Core First Aid Skills

No matter what first aid course you take they will teach you about the 3 B’s. These three skills are considered core in any first aid training and provide the basis of all other first aid information. They help you preserve life, prevent further injury and promote recovery. The 3 B’s are:

  • Breathing
  • Bleeding
  • Bones

And they should always be followed in this given order. This means a first aider should attend to the breathing of a patient before checking for bleeding or broken bones. Where do the ABCs come in?

ABC is a mnemonic we use to help remember the proper procedure to follow when dealing with someone who is not breathing. Remember, the first thing we have to do is check for breathing. ABC stands for Airway, Breathing and Circulation.

It is the order of the steps taken to get a person breathing again. The 3 B’s and ABC are the foundation of your first aid training.

Want to learn more about first aid? Why not sign up for one of our free online first aid courses.


John Furst

JOHN FURST is an experienced emergency medical technician and qualified first aid and CPR instructor. John is passionate about first aid and believes everyone should have the skills and confidence to take action in an emergency situation.

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