First aid tip: Cuts and grazes
Correct first aid for cuts and grazes
Step 1: Stop any bleeding. You can elevate the wound or apply direct pressure using a sterile gauze swab/pad.
Step 2: Clean the wound using running water or antiseptic wipes. Dry with a sterile gauze swab/dressing.
Step 3: Ensure the area around the wound is clean (no dirt, grit etc.)
Step 4: Cover with a sterile dressing or plaster.
Your main aim is to stop the wound becoming infected, so cleaning the area thoroughly is important.
Infected wounds are often very red, swollen, painful and may have pus. As the infection develops you may develop a fever. If you see any of these signs you should seek medical advice urgently. The photo below shows an example of an infected wound.
One of the infection risks in any open wound is Tetanus. Tetanus is caused by Clostridium tetani, a bacteria which lives in soil which can lead to muscle spasms, fever and sweating. There is a vaccine course available so make sure you’ve had all your jabs.
If you’re unsure about anything, always seek medical advice from a medical professional.
Want to learn more about first aid? Why not take one of our free online first aid classes with free first aid certification!