First aid tip: Cuts and grazes

First aid for cuts and grazesWe’ve all had them, simple cuts and grazes are a common first aid problem. So what is the correct first aid treatment for a minor cut or a graze? 

Correct first aid for cuts and grazes

Step 1: Stop any bleeding. You can elevate the wound or apply direct pressure using a sterile gauze swab/pad.

Step 2: Clean the wound using running water or antiseptic wipes. Dry with a sterile gauze swab/dressing.

Step 3: Ensure the area around the wound is clean (no dirt, grit etc.)

Step 4: Cover with a sterile dressing or plaster.

Your main aim is to stop the wound becoming infected, so cleaning the area thoroughly is important.

Infected wounds are often very red, swollen, painful and may have pus. As the infection develops you may develop a fever. If you see any of these signs you should seek medical advice urgently. The photo below shows an example of an infected wound.

Infected cut


One of the infection risks in any open wound is Tetanus. Tetanus is caused by Clostridium tetani, a bacteria which lives in soil which can lead to muscle spasms, fever and sweating. There is a vaccine course available so make sure you’ve had all your jabs. 

If you’re unsure about anything, always seek medical advice from a medical professional. 

Want to learn more about first aid? Why not take one of our free online first aid classes with free first aid certification! 

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3 Responses

  1. theshaynee says:

    I have a feeling this is going to come in very handy for me. I have a nine year old son. He gets these cuts on him all the time. Of course, he’s all legs and arms and really skinny. So he bruises if he just so much as bumps into something. We never know where he gets any of his little scrapes and cuts. So this is good to know.
    Thanks for the post.

  2. dpetee says:

    Good to know with watching kids, never know when someone gets hurt!

  3. i learn a lot of things that i did not know before but now i aware with so many things from this first aid training through on line i can save my life even the some one life at any time when its happen and the first aid is needed aim aware with some procedure thanks a lot for thin free on line training am PASCHAL JULIUS KASERWA from TANZANIA

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