First aid for scrapes
Scrapes are common injuries which can often be treated effectively with simple first aid.
An area where the skin is rubbed off is called a scrape. This is not a serious issue, and is minor and less deep than a cut. However it can be more painful as it damages nerve endings. Sometimes slight bleeding can occur.
Scrapes may occur when you knock on something or when you fall.
The medical term for a scrape is abrasion.
First aid for a scrape
- Clean your hands with soap and water.
- Clean your wound first by washing with soap and water, and then if large dirt particles are present get them out using tweezers.
- Apply an antibiotic ointment. (optional)
- Leave it uncovered if the scrape is small unless the wound is likely to get dirty or rubbed.
- If the scrape is larger or is bleeding cover it with a sterile gauze bandage.
- If necessary, keep the area elevated to decrease the swelling and prevent further bleeding.
You should seek professional medical attention if
- The scrape is very large.
- Pus or red streaks are present at the affected area.
- Fever is present or if the wounded area is heated up.
- Dirt is present deep inside the wound.
- The scrape is caused by a rusted object and you have not had a tetanus shot.