Author: John Furst

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Head injuries in children

Bumps and tumbles are a part of every childhood. With the first rush of a child’s tears, every parent goes through a period of indecision as to whether or not the injury is serious....

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How to remove a splinter

Splints are common injuries, especially in those undertaking outdoor activities or DIY. If a splinter is embedded deeply, difficult to remove or on a joint then leave it in place and seek medical attention. ...

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Why is low blood sugar dangerous?

Diabetes occurs when the body does not produce enough insulin. Insulin is a hormone that breaks down the sugar that we digest, so that it can be used by the cells of the body or...

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First aid for Drowning

Drowning is a common cause of accidental death, especially amongst children and toddlers.  Contrary to popular opinion, a casualty who drowns does not usually inhale large amounts of water into the lungs. 90% of...

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What is Anaphylaxis and how is it treated?

Anaphylaxis is an extremely dangerous allergic reaction. The name ‘anaphylaxis’ means ‘without protection’ and indeed, the condition is caused by a massive over-reaction of the body’s protection (immune) system. Severe anaphylactic reactions are very...

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How to help someone who is choking

Choking is a common cause of accidental death and often preventable. Objects such as food, sweets or small objects can easily become lodged in the airway if they are accidentally ‘breathed in’ rather than...

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What is Meningitis?

Meningitis is a medical condition caused by inflammation of the meninges which are the protective coverings surrounding the brain and spinal cord. Meningitis is caused by a variety of bacteria and viruses and the contagiousness...

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How to use an Anapen adrenaline injector

Anaphylaxis is a life-threatening allergic reaction which can be fatal within minutes. The main treatment of anaphylaxis is the drug Adrenaline (UK) / Epinephrine (US). People diagnosed with anaphylaxis often carry adrenaline in the...

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Basic First Aid Practice Test & Answers

Are you preparing for a Basic First Aid exam or written test? Here are fifteen practice first aid questions to help you revise. The answers to these practice questions are at the end of...

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How many cycles of CPR should you perform in 2 minutes?

Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) comprises of cycles of chest compressions and rescue breaths in a ratio of 30 chest compressions to 2 rescue breaths (30:2). One ‘cycle’ of CPR is one round of 30:2. In order to maintain effective...