Author: John Furst

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What is the Heimlich maneuver?

Choking is a common cause of accidental death and first aiders should be aware of the basic management of choking. First aiders should initiate care in cases of severe choking when a person is unable...

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First aid for temperature related emergencies

Heat Emergencies Victims exposed to heat may experience symptoms that may be minor to life-threatening. To avoid heat-related emergencies you should remember to drink plenty of fluids and dress appropriately for the conditions. Upon...

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First aid quick guide to seizures

A seizure is a medical condition in which occurs due to disorganised electrical activity in the brain. Seizures may be related to a chronic disorder called epilepsy or acutely due to head injury, low...

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What is Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR)?

Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is an emergency procedure for a victim of sudden cardiac arrest (SCA). Cardiac arrest occurs when a victim’s heart stops beating properly. There are many causes of sudden cardiac arrest including problems...

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How do defibrillators (AEDs) work?

Automated External Defibrillator’s (or AED’s) are devices that treat the most common cause of sudden cardiac arrest by delivering an electrical shock to the heart. AEDs treat an abnormal heart rhythm called Ventricular Fibrillation (VF) that...

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Seizures in children and babies

What are the signs and symptoms of a seizure? Seizures can present in many different ways: Involuntary twitching Sudden change in consciousness Unusual eye movements A vacant stare Numbness or inability to use a...

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My child has a headache – first aid guide

What are the symptoms and signs of a headache? Babies and toddlers may not be able to tell you that they have a headache. Some other symptoms and signs that may accompany a headache...

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Head injuries in children

Bumps and tumbles are a part of every childhood. With the first rush of a child’s tears, every parent goes through a period of indecision as to whether or not the injury is serious....

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How to remove a splinter

Splints are common injuries, especially in those undertaking outdoor activities or DIY. If a splinter is embedded deeply, difficult to remove or on a joint then leave it in place and seek medical attention. ...

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Why is low blood sugar dangerous?

Diabetes occurs when the body does not produce enough insulin. Insulin is a hormone that breaks down the sugar that we digest, so that it can be used by the cells of the body or...

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First aid for Drowning

Drowning is a common cause of accidental death, especially amongst children and toddlers.  Contrary to popular opinion, a casualty who drowns does not usually inhale large amounts of water into the lungs. 90% of...

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What is Anaphylaxis and how is it treated?

Anaphylaxis is an extremely dangerous allergic reaction. The name ‘anaphylaxis’ means ‘without protection’ and indeed, the condition is caused by a massive over-reaction of the body’s protection (immune) system. Severe anaphylactic reactions are very...